But the real fighting began in State rights became intermingled with slavery. Texas The people [of non-slave holding states] have formed themselves into a great sectional party, now strong enough in numbers to control the affairs of each of those States, based upon an unnatural feeling of hostility to these Southern States and their beneficent and patriarchal system of African slavery, proclaiming the debasing doctrine of equality of all men, irrespective of race or color-- a doctrine at war with nature, in opposition to the experience of mankind, and in violation of the plainest revelations of Divine Law.
In short order, always pugnacious South Carolina voted to secede from the Union, followed by six other Deep South states that were invested heavily in cotton. The North was also a cosmopolitan mixture of nationalities and religions — far more so than the South. And since the end of the war historians have been trying to figure out what caused the bloodiest war in American history.
For example, Samuel Colt was born in Connecticut into a relatively poor background. National triumphs and catastrophes were shared by both.
Northern Democrats, led by President Franklin Pierce, aggressively enforced the new Fugitive Slave Act, and the fear of being kidnapped and sold into slavery led some fifteen to twenty thousand free Northern blacks to migrate to Canada between and This was later to be seen in the North versus South divide that created the two sides in the war.
For the history of theology in America, the great tragedy of the Civil War is that the most persuasive theologians were the Rev.
Therefore for many people slavery is the key issue to explain the causes of the American Civil War. Since inheritance in the South was often unequitable and generally favored eldest sonsit was not uncommon for a poor white person to be perhaps the first cousin of the richest plantation owner of his county and to share the same militant support of slavery as his richer relatives.
Catholics also maintained their solidarity, prompting cynics to suggest it was only because they owed their allegiance to the pope of Rome rather than to any state, country or ideal.