Down syndrome a genetic disorder essay

Introduction Having a child comes with not only positive experiences, but also pressure and other adjustment matters.

how is down syndrome inherited

In this paper we will look at a short description of what Down syndrome really is, the genetic causes of Translocated Down syndrome, symptoms, characteristics, medications, intervention programs and testing for Down syndrome while an infant is still in the womb. Spinal problems.

The life expectancy of a child born with Down syndrome has significantly risen in the past few years, and it now stands at 55 years.

How to prevent down syndrome

Because of the risk for causing abortion, invasive tests are not usually performed on every pregnant woman, but only in women over 35 years of age in which the chance for a fetus with Down syndrome is relatively higher. Gastrointestinal GI defects. Her son has Down Syndrome, but attends a private school where special needs children have their own classroom. Due to its less distinct characteristics and variation in the patterns, the patient remains undiagnosed. I think the most prevalent is that of a "flat" face. There are special growth curves for Down syndrome babies. People who have Down Syndrome have learning difficulties, mental retardation, a different facial appearance, and poor muscle tone hypotonia in infancy. Persons affected with Down syndrome have the common will have an additional chromosome; instead of 46, they have 47 chromosomes As many questions are asked and some remained unanswered, I will strive to explain some of the answers to these questions.

Through the use of these models, researchers hope not only to gain a better understanding of the specific genes that play the most significant role in DS, but also to eventually develop improved medical treatments for patients with this condition. Early in his career, Down served as medical superintendent at the Royal Earlswood Asylum for Idiots, a charitable establishment dedicated to educating children with learning disabilities.

Causes of down syndrome

People who have Down Syndrome have learning difficulties, mental retardation, a different facial appearance, and poor muscle tone hypotonia in infancy. He discovered the disorder in Surrey, England while working at an asylum for children with mental retardation. It is acceptable to say that Down syndrome patients suffer from different degrees of mental retardation. In the center there is a multi-disciplinary team of doctors, nurses and paramedical professionals giving a wholesome address to the complex problems of Down syndrome children. Some people with Down syndrome may have a misalignment of the top two vertebrae in the neck atlantoaxial instability. While this textbook covered a variety of exceptionalities, I chose to research one further, Down syndrome. Is it inherited? Screening is a cost-effective and less invasive way to determine whether more invasive diagnostic tests are needed. One in every babies is born with Down Syndrome Marsh. Women can catch this genetic disorder early in pregnancy by diagnostic testing.

Using some genetic tricks, scientists have induced translocations involving these mouse chromosomes, producing mice that are trisomic for regions suspected to play a role in DS.

A breakthrough finally occurred inwhen Joe Hin Tjio and Albert Levan described a set of experimental conditions that allowed them to correctly identify the number of human chromosomes as In a group of children where all hope seems gone, music therapy has been found to be very beneficial.

Down syndrome chromosome

Down syndrome is caused by an extra or partial chromosome 21,which is called nondisjunction. It was certainly not for lack of trying. A small percentage of people with Down syndrome are also diagnosed with developmental conditions called autism spectrum disorders, which affect communication and social interaction. This causes the baby to have a triplet of no. Some people with Down syndrome may have a misalignment of the top two vertebrae in the neck atlantoaxial instability. Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition that causes low muscle tone, small stature, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm. Upward slanting eye lids palpebral fissures Unusually shaped or small ears Poor muscle tone Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm Relatively short fingers and small hands and feet Excessive flexibility Tiny white spots on the colored part iris of the eye called Brushfield's spots Short height Infants with Down syndrome may be average size, but typically they grow slowly and remain shorter than other children the same age. I will examine the discourse and models present within each article with reference to the units I have studied thus far
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About Down syndrome