English peasants revolt 1381
Fighting the war was very expensive and in February the government introduced a poll-tax where four pence was to be taken from every man and woman over the age of fourteen. Serfs became angry when they heard of the wages that people were earning in towns.
Consequences of the peasants revolt
The Kent rebels besiege Maidstone Castle, which surrenders. They also had a clear set of political demands. And during the scuffle a valet of the king's household drew his sword, and ran Wat two or three times through the body Sometimes runaway serfs were branded on the forehead. We are called serfs, and we are beaten if we do not perform our task. The rebellion lasted less than a month and failed completely as a social revolution. Royal forces toured the affected areas, hunting the rebels. In , Parliament decided to pass the Statute of Labourers Act. The remaining rebels fled to Colchester , where they tried in vain to persuade the towns-people to support them. He also objected to "the law, which also stopped the children of serfs going into the towns to become apprentices The hated poll tax was never raised again.
Here he explains the roots of the rebels' resentment: 'Never was any land or realm in such great danger as England at that time. However, the King had been outwitted by Wat Tyler. Tyler's first decision was to march to Maidstone to free John Ball from prison.
What caused the peasants revolt
They found themselves cut down by royal troops, vainly flourishing the pardons and charters that they had been given. The rebels reached the outskirts of the city on 12 June. When he returned to London, troops were dispatched to deal with them. The landowners were worried that if they refused, their workers would run away and find an employer who was willing to pay these higher wages. For the first time, peasants had joined together in order to achieve political change. He returned to the Tower of London, leaving the peasants angry and frustrated. In some villages the villeins joined together and refused to carry out any more labour services. Sometimes runaway serfs were branded on the forehead. Wat was carried by a group of the commons to the hospital for the poor near St Bartholomew's, and put to bed.
It was arranged that he would meet them at Rotherhithe, on the Thames, that afternoon. June lOth The Kent Rebels march on Canterbury, and capture the city, Rich pilgrims are attacked in the town, Finding the Archbishop away, the rebels appoint a humble monk as the new Archbishop, and hold a service in the Cathedral, promising death to all "traitors" they capture, At this point a new leader appears, Wat Tyler.
The rebels reached the outskirts of the city on 12 June.
So dangerous was this teaching that the Archbishop of Canterbury had arrested John Ball, and confined him in Maidstone Castle.
In his Vox Clamantis, he sees the peasant action as the work of the Anti-Christ and a sign of evil prevailing over virtue.
English peasants revolt 1381
The chronicler, Henry Knighton , wrote: "Many villages and hamlets were depopulated, and there were no houses left in them, all who lived in them being dead Knighton tells us that "necessaries became so dear that what had been previously worth 1d was now worth 4d or 5d". It has been estimated that approximately 30, peasants had marched to London. Apparently the king stated: "Serfs you are and serfs you will remain. These claims are unique to Robinson and are warily received by professional scholars of the period. We are called serfs, and we are beaten if we do not perform our task. Jean Froissart claims that some 40, to 50, citizens, about half of the city's inhabitants, were ready to welcome the "True Commons". By what right do they keep us enslaved? They also did not feel that the tax was offering them any benefits. Tyler, it is alleged by his killers, behaved most belligerently and dismounted his horse and called for a drink most rudely. In , Parliament decided to pass the Statute of Labourers Act. This they would not longer bear, but had determined to be free, and if they laboured or did any other works for their lords, they would be paid for it. Tyler's Rebellion led to calls for the reform of feudalism in England and an increase in rights for the serf class.
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