Maternal mortality in ghana essay

mortality rate in ghana

Household poverty, allocation of resources, and the control of those resources also influence maternal mortality. The type of society for example, patriarchic or traditional a woman lives in and the gender norms and values within the society determine her status within the community and household, thereby inhibiting women access to health care [ 20 ].

Trend of maternal mortality in ghana

A TBA added that women considered the consequences of their actions from the perspectives of others and not just of themselves, and they regarded the wellbeing and health of their families as more important than their own. The data also elucidate the mechanisms by which health consequences are produced in rural Gambia. With a population of approximately 1. Despite their productive and reproductive role, such as in their participation in farm work and child rearing, women reported limited opportunities for sick leave. Other studies have also found an association between specific tasks like standing for long hours and climbing stairs and difficult birth and miscarriage [ 53 ]. Estimates of maternal mortality derived from censuses in this way are believed to be fairly accurate Stanton et al. Regarding work sharing, our study observed that men have not taken responsibility for household chores, probably because they simply cannot see what needs to be done in the household due to the way they are acculturated, or perhaps because they do not see the need or do not believe that household chores warrant their efforts compared to other competing social responsibilities. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. When household information is screened, maternal and nonmaternal deaths can be distinguished. The WHO estimated that there were about 5 million induced abortions in Africa annually, whereas Rogo , using the results of several DHS surveys, estimated that there were 1. The division of labor between men and women in the household was such that women often engaged in non-remunerable field work with few economic resources, and their household duties during pregnancy were not alleviated by either their husbands or the other members of polygamous households. Abraham Lilienfeld, a prominent epidemiologist, very appropriately remarked, "the better we know about the root cause of a problem, the better we are in a position to address the problem," and in his book, Foundations of Epidemiology, cites Benjamin Disraeli's statement, "The more extensive a man's knowledge of what has been done, the greater will be his power of knowing what to do" Lilienfeld McLachlan, A. These issues may be complicated in polygamous households, where there often is rivalry among co-wives.

Maternal Health Improve Maternal Health Care Though maternal health care has improved over the past 20 years, the pace has been slow and extra effort is required for Ghana to achieve the MDG 5 target of reducing maternal mortality rate by three quarters by More recently, the case for identifying and investing in the most effective interventions for safe motherhood has dominated the debates AbouZahr, Wardlaw, and Hill Onuh S.

A low health personnel-to-population ratio is a chronic issue in Sub-Saharan Africa. The range is wide and includes the behavior of families and communities, social status, education, income, nutritional status, age, parity, and availability of health services.

Ghana maternal mortality rate 2017

Methods An initial search for papers and grey literature in English, Spanish and Portuguese was carried out using a number of electronic databases based on a pre-determined search strategy. Following their assessment 51 English and 36 Spanish and Portuguese full texts were requested of which three were unobtainable see Fig. Introduction The Gambia, like many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, has long been overburdened with maternal health problems. As a result, health services data in Sub-Saharan Africa are often incomplete and misclassified, especially because deaths related to ectopic pregnancy and abortion are recorded in female wards rather than maternity wards. Two studies used the same data [ 18 , 22 ] but both were included as they presented slightly different findings and results. They were told that they reserve all the rights to participate and not to participate. Level 1 delay: decision making at community level—examines decision-making process on pregnancy and childbirth at household and community level, including birth preparedness Level 2 delay: accessibility, transport, more Sometimes we send women to the hospital, and at the hospital, it is found out that she either has no water [dehydrated] or insufficient blood [anemic]. Only studies from low and middle income countries as defined by the World Bank [ 13 ] were included. The research assistants were a female nurse and a male community development worker who had mastery of the two local languages Mandinka and Wolof and had experience in data collection. The unsafe abortion conundrum in Africa begins with unprotected sex among teenagers who are ill-informed about their sexuality; an unwanted or ill-timed pregnancy follows. Macdonald, and G.

East African Medical Journal. The final method entails undertaking a survey of households to ascertain maternal deaths.

ghana maternal and child health

DHS Analytical Reports 4.

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Maternal Health