The chinese revolution of 1949 essay

The Marshall Mission succeeded in bringing both sides back to the negotiating table, and on January 10,an armistice was concluded between the government and the Communists.

As in Spain inMao did not form a coalition with the bourgeoisie, but with the shadow of the bourgeoisie.

Causes of chinese revolution 1949 pdf

Only three years earlier Chiang was boasting that he was going to exterminate the Communists. The last dynasty, the Qing, was founded by the Manchus in , after their conquest of China. This was to use government intervention to develop industry in China. This was, in turn, to lead to the fall of "imperialism" which he saw as the highest stage of capitalism. It is creating new and terrible contradictions both in the towns and villages, which, at a certain point, must lead to a new revolutionary upsurge. Official diplomatic relations were established in This was not so difficult. These undemocratic polices combined with wartime corruption made the Republic of China Government vulnerable to the Communist threat. They were to play a central role in the ultimate victory of Mao's forces over Chiang.

On July 7,an accidental fire fight between Chinese and Japanese troops at Lukouchiao, near Beijing, gave Tokyo the long desired pretext for attacking China. There was, in fact, no way that the CCP could have seized control of the KMT in the s or s, because at that time the KMT embodied the dominant drive toward unification and symbolized Chinese national goals.

Chinese civil war

Conditions in China in I had never harmed anyone or harbored any ill feelings toward others. This signified the end of the so-called united front. Chinese Communists benefited greatly from the fact that Sun Yat-sen obtained no support from the Western powers who were, after all, attached to their special privileges in China. In fact, Great Britain, which of all the imperialist powers had the greatest investments in China, made its peace with the KMT. Liberalism in the Chinese Revolution, , Cambridge, Massachusetts, about a Chinese liberal, disciple of John Dewey, and his efforts to bring liberalism to China. As it turned out, there were, in fact, some Soviet "moles" in the State Department, but the Chinese communists did not owe their victory either to them or to the Soviets. Charles F. In October of , after a string of military victories, Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the PRC; Chiang and his forces fled to Taiwan to regroup and plan for their efforts to retake the mainland. Chiang Kai-shek ordered the Japanese troops to remain at their post to receive the Kuomintang and not surrender their arms to the Communists. During the war, the Nationalist Army started to fade and weaken while the Communists grew and prospered because strong guerilla tactics helped the Communists dominate against the opposition Schaff, See Reply to David James , Spring However, the Revolution in China was carried out in Bonapartist fashion from the top. But, even then, they had to wait a few years to produce a stockpile and to develop a delivery system, while the U.

Equally important was the fact that in the area under their control in southern Jiangxi, the communists carried out land reform. Of these, the most important were rent and interest controls and an end to abuses in tax collection, both very popular with the peasants.

Chinese revolution 1949 causes

If we took this seriously, we would need to believe that the software of communism, which is the control of surplus value by the workers themselves, had been implemented in the USSR, China, and these other so-called communist nations. But this cultural battle begs the question was the struggle really between capitalism and communism? The Russian working class, which was a small minority of society the majority were peasants , placed itself at the head of society and carried out a classical socialist revolution in October China has a 4, year history, and was a unified state under several imperial dynasties. It deepened the communists' sense of destiny. Chiang died in ; Zhang was reported to have left Taiwan in the late s, to visit relatives in the U. Summary of Evidence The Cultural Revolution was a time of great. Only after several years of Communist control in a given area would all land be re-distributed; for the moment the reform should not affect more than ten per cent of the population.

The CCP controlled 19 base areas with a population of about million and had an army of about half a million. There was little reliable information about the Bolshevik revolution in China before The Need for Social Reform and Change.

chinese revolution pdf

But after all the sufferings of the Second World War, the American people would not have been prepared to support a new war to subjugate China. Millions of men and women, young and old were slaughtered.

II, 3rd.

The chinese revolution of 1949 essay

The Chinese Stalinists, acting in the name of the proletariat, carried out the basic economic tasks of the socialist revolution, but the workers in China had been passive throughout the civil war and did not play an independent role in the whole process. The uncontrolled rule of a privileged elite is not compatible with genuine socialism. In spite of the distorted manner in which it was achieved, the establishment of a nationalized planned economy was a progressive measure and a huge step forward for China. After the Revolution, Mao complained bitterly that the last foreign ambassador to take leave of Chiang Kai-shek was the Soviet ambassador. In fact, the PLA captured a large number of weapons abandoned by the Japanese, including some tanks. The Japanese surrender, forced by the U. Now that defeat was staring him in the face, he began to sing the praises of peace. He was later a victim of the Stalin purges. He also provides a new analysis of the various types of socialist thought existing among leftwing Chinese intellectuals up to , particularly the prevalence of anarchist thought, a factor that was later ignored by Chinese communist historians. However, the central government was weak and faced a rival government in Guangzhou Canton.

There were mass nationwide student protests against US imperialism. To do this, he had to accomplish two key objectives: defeat the Chinese warlords and force out the foreign powers.

Without the Chinese Revolution, China would not have been able to make the enormous progress that it has.

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Capitalism, Socialism, and the Chinese Revolution